A brief study of this reputation for piping into the Scottish Lowlands and Borders and a discussion of just what the definition of implies today
In which would be the Lowlands?
The term 'Lowlands' as put on Scotland typically identifies those areas that aren't 'Highlands'; really, what this means is those areas where Gaelic is not the indigenous language for centuries. This is simply not a really gratifying meaning, since Gaelic lingered on for some time when you look at the far south-west, a location today generally within the term 'Lowland and Border'. Equally it is really not constantly recognized that term 'Lowlands' also incorporates those regions of the eastern from Banffshire southwards as well as the places south associated with the Clyde/Forth lake basins. The location instantly north of the streams up towards Stirling will act as a 'marginal' area between lowland and highland regions.
The definition of 'Border' is roofed within the Society title in order to embrace the commonality of culture that spans the edge between England and Scotland, like the northern areas of Cumberland in the western and Northumberland when you look at the east. It must additionally be mentioned the whole of the south location is certainly not strictly speaking lowland after all; indeed a lot of its distinctly 'upland', both Scottish 'Southern Uplands' in addition to Cumberland and Northumberland moors.
In what employs, I have used the expression 'lowland' as short-hand to cover these places.
The Origins of Lowland Piping
From exactly what meagre information survives, there appears to be little reason to tell apart between bagpipes played inside Highland and in the Lowlands in the duration before the mid-17th century. It is obvious, however, that the songs played had its very own distinct traits, plus it must-have been the specific forms of Highland music that resulted in the distinct as a type of pipe that had emerged once the name 'Highland bagpipe' very first started initially to be used. [Keith Sanger has demonstrated this term was used in papers in 1748].
The Lowland Bagpipe
The Lowland bagpipes tend to be now recognised become bellows-blown also to carry their particular drones mounted in a standard stock.. This can be a development which seems to date from the mid-17th century, although trustworthy proof the emergence of the kind is virtually non-existent. It should also be noted that bellows-blown pipes were known and played within the highlands also, and had their own Gaelic word because of the belated eighteenth century [piob shionnaich].
Lowland or border pipeline by Garvie bagpipes
Just what initially distinguished highland from lowland piping, the songs played, continues to be a possibly defining feature. That a distinct Lowland arsenal survived the hegemony for the GHB when you look at the late-19th and 20th hundreds of years is seen from the manuscripts and unusual journals which research has unearthed. The LBPS was active to promote and writing this repertoire. However, numerous, if not many, bellows-pipers today perform chiefly the higland arsenal, usually in a modified highland design. The most frequent inspiration with this seems to be the want to play pipes and also other tools, specifically fiddles.
The Scottish smallpipes
Alongside these 'Lowland' pipes, which by meaning have conically bored-chanters, giving a sound comparable in quality to your highland pipes, if somewhat milder in tone and volume, there's a thriving custom of 'smallpipe' playing who has emerged during the last 30 years, quite separate from that the Northumberland pipelines. The smallpipes played these days are a considerable adjustment from the old tools which mainly date through the 18th century. These early smallpipes tend to be really little, Pipes for this kind, perhaps half-an-octave greater in pitch than these days's, had been known in London as 'Scottish pipes' from the Restoration onward, and you can find suggestions that there might pre-civil war mentions, at least of bellows pipes, if not specifially 'Scotch'..